ESSAY IN PROCESS:
Lofgren: “There is the visible government situated around the Mall in Washington, and then there is another, more shadowy, more indefinable government that is not explained in Civics 101 or observable to tourists at the White House or the Capitol. The former is traditional Washington partisan politics: the tip of the iceberg that a public watching C-SPAN sees daily and which is theoretically controllable via elections. The subsurface part of the iceberg I shall call the Deep State, which operates according to its own compass heading regardless of who is formally in power..”
This page contains links to several pieces on “Deep State”, and “Deep Politics”.
Lofgren: “Anatomy of the Deep State” (Feb 2014)
Reactions to Lofgren: “Anatomy of a Deep State” (Feb 2014)
Peter Dale Scott: The Fates of American Presidents Who Challenged the Deep State (1963-1980) (Nov 2014)
Russ Baker: Deep Politics (Nov 2014)
Arkin and Priest, Washington Post Top Secret America — A major investigative report last updated in Sept 2010